What is Civet Coffee?

What Is Civet Coffee?

Coffee is a beloved beverage enjoyed by millions of people around the world. From espresso to cappuccino, countless varieties and flavors satisfy different tastes. However, one particular type of coffee stands out due to its unique and somewhat controversial production process. That coffee is Civet Coffee, also known as Luwak coffee, Kopi Luwak coffee, or colloquially referred to as “cat shit coffee.” In this article, we will explore what exactly civet coffee is, how it is made, and why it has gained both popularity and criticism.

What Is Civet Coffee? 

Civet coffee, also known as Luwak coffee or Kopi Luwak coffee, is a unique and controversial type of coffee with an intriguing production process. It originated in Indonesia, specifically the Sumatra, Java, and Bali islands. The term “civet” refers to a small mammal called the Asian palm civet, which plays a significant role in coffee creation.

The production process of civet coffee is unconventional and involves the civet cat selectively eating ripe coffee cherries. After digestion, the beans are excreted in the cat’s feces. These collected beans are thoroughly cleaned, prepared for roasting, and transformed into coffee.

Civet coffee is celebrated for its distinct flavors and aromas. Supporters argue that the beans’ fermentation process within the civet’s digestive system enhances the coffee’s taste, resulting in a smoother and less acidic brew. It is often described as having earthy, chocolaty, and nutty undertones with hints of caramel or vanilla.

However, civet coffee has faced criticism and ethical concerns. Traditional production methods involve confining civet cats in small cages and force-feeding them coffee cherries, raising questions about animal welfare. Efforts are being made to develop more sustainable and ethical alternatives, allowing civets to select coffee cherries in their natural habitats freely.

Despite the controversy, civet coffee continues to captivate coffee connoisseurs due to its rarity and unique production process, making it a sought-after and luxurious delicacy in the world of coffee.

Is Civet Coffee the Same as Normal Coffee?

Civet coffee is different from regular coffee. The distinctive factor that sets civet coffee apart is its unique production process. While normal coffee is derived from coffee cherries that are harvested, processed, and roasted, civet coffee undergoes an additional step involving the digestion of coffee cherries by civet cats.

The digestion process in the civet’s gut is believed to affect the flavor profile of coffee beans. Proponents argue that this fermentation process enhances the taste, resulting in a smoother and less acidic brew with unique flavors and aromas.

Additionally, the rarity and labor-intensive nature of civet coffee production contribute to its exclusivity and higher price compared to normal coffee. The limited supply, selective consumption by civet cats, and meticulous collection process further differentiate civet coffee from its regular counterpart.

While both regular and civet coffee is derived from coffee cherries, the distinct production method and resulting flavors make civet coffee a unique and sought-after specialty beverage.

The Origins of Civet Coffee

Civet coffee has its origins rooted in the tropical regions of Indonesia. Specifically, the islands of Sumatra, Java, and Bali serve as the birthplace of this unique and intriguing beverage.

The term “civet” refers to a small mammal known as the Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus). These nocturnal creatures play a pivotal role in the creation of civet coffee. In their natural habitat, civets display a selective appetite for ripe coffee cherries. They carefully choose and consume these cherries, which are integral to the coffee production process.

Civet coffee’s association with civets goes beyond the mere consumption of coffee cherries. The civet cat’s digestive system plays a crucial role in the coffee’s development. After the cherries are consumed, they go through fermentation and partial digestion within the civet’s gut. This unique process is believed to impact the flavor profile of the civet coffee beans.

The Kopi Luwak coffee beans, now altered through the civet’s digestive process, are eventually excreted in the form of feces. These collected beans are carefully harvested, thoroughly cleaned and prepared for further processing, including roasting and brewing.

Thus, the origins of civet coffee can be traced back to the natural habitat of the Asian palm civet in Indonesia, where the selective consumption of coffee cherries and their subsequent digestion contribute to the distinctive flavors and qualities that make civet coffee a truly unique and sought-after beverage.

The Flavors and Aromas

The coffee beans’ digestive process in the civet’s gut is believed to affect their flavor profile. Proponents of civet coffee argue that this unique fermentation process enhances the beans’ taste, resulting in a smoother and less acidic brew. The coffee is often described as having earthy, chocolaty, and nutty undertones with a hint of caramel or vanilla.

Popularity and High Price Tag

Civet coffee gained widespread attention in the early 2000s when it was featured in various media outlets and praised for its distinctiveness. It quickly became a sought-after and luxurious delicacy, commanding high prices in specialty coffee markets. Its production’s rarity and labor-intensive nature contribute to its hefty price tag. In some cases, a pound of civet coffee can cost several hundred dollars.

Why Is Civet Coffee So Expensive?

Civet coffee, also known as Luwak coffee or Kopi Luwak coffee, has gained a reputation for being one of the most expensive coffees in the world. Several factors contribute to its high price tag.

  1. Rarity: Civet coffee production is limited by nature itself. The Asian palm civet, the animal responsible for consuming and excreting coffee beans, is a wild creature found in specific regions of Indonesia. The availability of civet cats and their selective eating habits make the production of civet coffee a rare and limited process.
  2. Labor-Intensive Production: Harvesting civet coffee is a labor-intensive endeavor. The coffee beans must be collected from the civet’s feces, thoroughly cleaned, and prepared for roasting. This meticulous process requires significant time, effort, and resources, adding to the cost of production.
  3. Unique Fermentation Process: The digestion process that the coffee beans undergo in the civet’s gut is believed to impart unique flavors to the beans. Proponents argue that this fermentation process enhances the taste profile of the coffee, making it smoother and less acidic. The flavors’ distinctiveness and the fermentation process’s rarity contribute to the higher demand and subsequent price of civet coffee.
  4. Market Demand and Prestige: Civet coffee has gained a reputation as a luxury and exotic beverage. Its uniqueness, rarity, and perceived exclusivity have created a high demand among coffee enthusiasts and connoisseurs. This demand, coupled with limited supply, drives up the price of civet coffee, making it a sought-after and prestigious commodity.

How Much Is Civet Coffee in the U.S.?

The cost of civet coffee in the U.S. can vary significantly depending on several factors, such as the brand, quality, certification, and retailer. On average, a pound of civet coffee can range from $100 to $600 or even more. Some rare and highly sought-after varieties can exceed these price ranges.

The high price is primarily attributed to the limited supply and labor-intensive production process involved in civet coffee. The selective feeding habits of civet cats, the meticulous collection and cleaning of the coffee beans from their feces, and the unique fermentation process all contribute to the higher cost of production.

Additionally, factors such as importation costs, certifications ensuring the authenticity and ethical sourcing of civet coffee, and the exclusivity associated with the beverage further contribute to its elevated price in the U.S. market.

It’s important to note that civet coffee prices vary among retailers and online platforms. Consumers interested in purchasing civet coffee should research reputable sources, check for certifications, and be prepared to invest in this luxury coffee experience.

Is Kopi Luwak Safe to Drink?

Kopi Luwak, also known as civet coffee, has been a subject of concern when it comes to its safety for consumption. While the vast majority of civet coffee available in the market is considered safe to drink, there are certain considerations to keep in mind.

The fermentation and digestion process that the coffee beans undergo in the civet’s digestive system is believed to reduce the presence of harmful bacteria. However, proper handling and processing of the beans after collection are crucial to ensure safety. Reputable producers follow rigorous cleaning, washing, and roasting procedures to eliminate potential contaminants.

It’s important to note that the safety of civet coffee can be compromised if the production methods are not adhered to, particularly in cases where civet cats are kept in captivity and force-fed coffee cherries. Such practices may increase the risk of bacterial contamination and compromise the quality and safety of the coffee.

To ensure safety, consumers should look for reputable sources and certifications that vouch for Civet Coffee’s authenticity and ethical production. Good brewing and hygiene practices when preparing coffee at home mitigates potential risks.

Criticism and Ethical Concerns

While civet cat coffee has gained popularity among coffee connoisseurs, it has also faced significant criticism and ethical concerns. One of the main criticisms is related to animal welfare. Traditional civet coffee production involves capturing civet cats from the wild and confining them in small cages, where they are force-fed coffee cherries. This practice raises concerns about animal cruelty and its impact on the civet’s natural behavior and well-being.

Sustainable and Ethical Alternatives

Thankfully, more sustainable and ethical alternatives are emerging in the civet poop coffee industry. Some coffee producers have started implementing a more humane approach, allowing civets to roam freely and selectively eat coffee cherries in their natural habitats. These cherries are then collected from the civet’s feces found in the wild, eliminating the need for captivity and force-feeding.

Ensuring Authenticity

As the popularity of civet coffee grew, so did concerns about fraudulent practices in the market. Some unscrupulous producers began resorting to unethical practices, such as mixing regular coffee beans with a small percentage of civet coffee to cut costs. Various certifications and labeling systems have been introduced to ensure the authenticity and traceability of civet coffee, such as the Certified Kopi Luwak label, to address this issue.

The Controversial Legacy

Civet coffee’s journey from a little-known specialty to international fame has been a double-edged sword. While it has brought attention to Indonesia’s coffee industry and introduced a unique flavor experience, it has also faced persistent criticism due to the ethical concerns surrounding its production. The controversy has sparked debates among coffee enthusiasts and raised questions about the ethics and sustainability of luxury food products.


Civet coffee, or Luwak coffee, is a coffee variety that has captured the imagination of coffee lovers worldwide. Its distinct flavors and production process have made it both intriguing and controversial. While some relish tasting this rare and unique brew, others express concerns about animal welfare and ethical considerations. As the coffee industry continues to evolve, it is crucial to find sustainable and ethical alternatives that respect both the flavors we love and the animals’ well-being.